Flowers of Norway

Flowers of norway

All uncultivated land in Norway is open for access to everyone at any time. This means that there are endless opportunities to go out and look at all the fantastic plants that inhabit the country. And you don’t even have to go far; even your own garden, lawn or playground contains plenty of plant secret

The seasons

Spring

In the south, the first flowers start blooming as early as in March, as soon as the days become warmer and brighter. Typical early wild flowers are pussy willow/ selje (Salix caprea) and coltsfoot/ hestehov (Tussilago farfara), that both have yellow flowers.

At the same time, the first insects wake up after the long winter. Most flowering plants are always eager to have insect visitors, because that means they can spread their pollen and produce new seeds for the following year. Visiting insects usually get drizzled with pollen as they eat, and then they shake off some of that pollen on the next flower they visit. This, in turn, initiates the development of a brand new seed. Insect pollination is of great importance, both globally and in Norway.

Summer

Depending on where in the country you are situated, you can find flowers in the wild from March and throughout October. However, the peak flowering time is during the main summer months of June, July and August. The mean temperature of July is around 15 °C in the most southern parts of Norway, and around 10 in the northenmost parts.

Throughout summer, more and more plants will grow and develop flowers, and soon they might also have produced fruits.

Wildflowers in Norway

When the ice retracted after the last ice age 12 000 years ago, Norwegian land was once again available for colonization by plants. A few species had survived the long winter in restricted snow free areas in Norway, but most of the vegetation that started to pop up arrived from other places. Some of the first plant colonizers were birch/bjørk (Betula), hazel/hassel (Corylus) and pine trees/furu (Pinus), as well as dwarf willow/dvergbjørk (Salix herbacea) and white dryas/reinrose (Dryas octopetala). Even though we are not completely covered by ice anymore, climate and geography is still restraining plant life throughout the country.

Although it´s white and quite cold during winter, Norway is full of colours and life in summer. Beaches, mountains and meadows get covered with beautiful flowers, trees and bushes, accompanied by thousands of insect that find food and shelter in and among the vegetation. In total, more than 2100 species of flower plants have been recorded for Norway, along with around 42 species of coniferous trees, 75 fern like plants and 1100 species of bryophytes (liverworths, hornworths and mosses).

Norway is a very long and heterogeneous country, spanning 13 latitudinal degrees from south to north and with prominent coastlines and high mountains. It is therefore not so surprising that the plants living here do not all live in the same areas. Some plants thrive in the south, while some like it in the north. Some prefer to be close to the ocean, while others have established in the highland and in mountains. Many only live where there is plenty of lime, while some are not that fond of nutrient rich areas. In other words: the wild flowers of Norway prefer very different localities